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What is Liver Transplant Survival Rate by Age? | Liver Helpline India

December 3, 2023

Liver ailments can turn out to be serious, depending on the level of the disease. Some of the liver problems can be life-threatening, which calls for transplant options.

Certainly, a damaged liver or a portion of a diseased liver is replaced with a healthy one. So, the success rate of the surgical process depends on the severity level of the disease, age, and any other factors.

Indeed, certain statistics have to be considered and measured before identifying the survival rate by the person’s age. First of all, there is a need to understand liver transplant surgeries. 

Liver Transplant Surgery:

Liver Transplant Surgery

The liver is one of the most important organs of our body, which is designated to filter impurities, help in digestion, and boost good metabolism. There are many diseases, which can affect the functional aspect of the liver such as Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, and Cancer.

These may further initiate the need for liver removal with the help of a donor. Indeed, the doctors will match the patient’s blood group with the donor, conduct some tests, and find the most suitable liver.

The purpose of doing so is to get a properly functional liver for the patient and improve his quality of work. People always have a question in mind as to what will be the success rate and how soon the patient will recover from the surgery. The next sections are focused on such factors. 

Liver Transplant Success Rate as per the Age:

liver transplant survival rate by age

Considering the success rate of liver transplant surgeries, it depends on the patient’s age, ability to cope with the post-surgical concerns, overall health, and willpower to fight the disease. There are different success rates identified as per age. 

Liver Transplant in Under 18 Years:

Indeed, children requiring a Liver Transplant surgery are found to have better success and mortality rates than adults. The reason behind this is that children have a better adaptability factor, which means that their body is more adaptable to organ change. This would initiate faster recovery.

Even, studies have stated that the success rate for pediatrics or children under 18 years is around 80 to 90 percent. It is their body resilience that has the ability to recover faster after the transplant surgery.

Liver Transplant in Adults from 18 to 64 Years

Just in pediatrics, the success rates of liver transplant in this age group depends on the patient’s body capability, other ailments, and willingness. Basically, the success rate with one-year survival rates is more like 80 to 85 percent.

On the other hand, the survival rates for five years might come down to 70-75 percent. When it comes to older people in the category, the success rates depend on the other accompanied ailments like blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease. 

Liver Transplant in Elderly from 65 years and Above:

Though there are chances of risks related to surgeries in elderly people, this does not mean that they cannot benefit from liver transplants.

The studies have stated that such category of patients witness lower success rates that range from 65 to 75 percent. This can be well attributed to the patient’s overall health condition, functional capability of other body organs, age factor, and resilience. 

Factors Affecting Liver Transplant Success Rates:

Aging might be a factor in deciding the success rate of the patient requiring Liver Transplant surgery; but, there are many other aspects that can add to the increased or decreased success rates of the surgery.

Health Before Surgery:

Checking the patient’s complete health prior to the surgery is important because it will depict their resilience to the surgical treatment. Patients who have fewer accompanying ailments and have good overall health will witness better results.

In this regard, pre-surgical checks, including all-inclusive medical exams, laboratory tests, and scanning investigations will determine the patient’s aptness for transplantation.

Compatibility with Donor:

When it comes to the compatibility matters between the liver donor and the recipient, there is a need to conduct a tissue and blood-type match.

The reason is that the close match between both the donor and recipient will increase the success rates of liver transplant surgery. However, a mismatch or less match can lead to rejection of the surgery by the doctors. 

Surgeon’s Experience:

Of course, giving your life in the hands of an inexperienced liver transplant surgeon can be highly risky. So, it is always better to go with a very experienced liver transplant surgeon.

It is because they are experienced enough to handle different complexities of the case. They ensure that the survival rates are higher than expected. Along with this, they have in-depth knowledge of different surgery cases and the reasons behind them. 

Post-Surgical Care:

As the liver transplant surgery is completed, post-surgical care is very important. It includes medication, observation by the surgeons, handling side effects, and timely follow-ups by the patient.

The purpose of doing so is to ensure that everything is kept under control and the patient might not develop any post-surgical complications. It is always better to keep taking guidance from your surgeon until the patient gets healthy enough to manage their lifestyle.

The success rate of liver transplant surgery is meant to infuse a sense of trust in the patient and give them the courage to handle fear related to surgeries.

Though, these success rates vary as per the age, body’s capability, and other accompanying ailments; it does not mean that the patients should not discuss their medical condition with the doctors.

Certainly, the experienced ones will always have solutions to budding complexities in liver transplant cases. 

Conclusion:

A liver transplant is an important surgery that adds to your mortality rate. But, its success rates will depend on the patient’s age, health, and resilience.

These factors can be tested through laboratory tests and imaging scans. Further to this, the patients are listed in the National Waiting List for Liver Transplants.

The seriousness of the liver disease is the deciding factor in terms of finding priority in the waiting list for the treatment. 

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